Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being at all ages is essential to sustainable development.
This goal is becoming even more important with the ongoing covid-19 pandemic.
WHAT IS ITWorld hunger refers to pockets of the human population who regularly do not get enough food to eat. A vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries. The situation is worst in Africa, with almost 21 per cent of the population there facing hunger on a daily basis. -After decades of steady decline, the number of people who suffer from hunger – as measured by the prevalence of undernourishment – began to slowly increase again in 2015. -Current estimates show that nearly 690 million people are hungry, or 8.9 percent of the world population, up by 10 million people in one year and by nearly 60 million in five years.
3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.
3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.
3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.
3.5 Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.
3.6 By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.
3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.
3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.
3.A Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate.
3.B Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all.
3.C Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States.
3.D Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks.
WHY SHOULD YOU CARE?
Currently, the world is facing a global health crisis unlike any other — COVID-19 is spreading human suffering, destabilizing the global economy and upending the lives of billions of people around the globe
Before the pandemic, major progress was made in improving the health of millions of people. Significant strides were made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. But there remains a 31 year discrepancy between the countries with the shortest and longest life expectancies. While some countries have made impressive health gains, national averages can hide in-country disparities in health outcomes, for example in marginalized populations.
WHAT CAN YOU DO
Reach out and share
Share info about the importance of covid-19 vaccination around your family, friends and neighbours.
Listen and give support to people who you know are suffering from mental health issues.
Sign up for volunteer programs to make phone calls with isolated communities during the pandemic, especially seniors, to make them feel connected in society.
Take humanitarian Action
Donate to social organizations or programs that help people with disabilities, mental health issues and medical treatment.